Título Are Vegan Alternatives to Meat Products Healthy? A Study on Nutrients and Main Ingredients of Products Commercialized in Brazil
Autores Romao, Bernardo , Botelho, Raquel Braz Assuncao , Nakano, Eduardo Yoshio , Raposo, Antonio , Han, Heesup , Vega-Munoz, Alejandro , ARIZA MONTES, JOSÉ ANTONIO, Zandonadi, Renata Puppin
Publicación externa No
Medio Front Public Health
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 5.20000
Impacto SJR 1.12500
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85133146163&doi=10.3389%2ffpubh.2022.900598&partnerID=40&md5=1f794b1b8e9e61339234e7e6717181ca
Fecha de publicacion 27/05/2022
ISI 000816917100001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85133146163
DOI 10.3389/fpubh.2022.900598
Abstract Proteins are essential components in human nutrition, and animal products are usually the primary sources of human ingestion. However, the number of adherents to vegetarian and vegan diets has grown significantly, highlighting the need for alternatives to replace animal proteins. Meat substitutes aim to mimic the nutritional value and sensory characteristics of meat. However, studies suggest differences in their composition. This study is the first to evaluate Brazilian meat substitutes\' nutritional quality and ingredients. A quantitative cross-sectional survey was performed in three steps: (i) Sample mapping of products commercialized nationwide; (ii) Ingredients and nutritional data collection and classification; (iii) Statistical analysis. One hundred twenty-five meat substitutes were included and described. The primary protein sources were soy, gluten, and pea protein ingredients. Vegan meat substitutes presented similar energy and protein values, with few exceptions among samples, with vegan canned fish alternatives presenting less protein than their counterparts. Overall vegan products did not differ regarding sodium levels but showed high amounts to compose a lunch or dinner meal. Vegan meat substitutes showed higher carbohydrates, dietary fiber concentrations, and few differences regarding total and saturated fat. Vegan meat substitutes may contribute to the adherence and maintenance of vegan and vegetarian diets. However, future studies about the implemented ingredients are needed.
Palabras clave meat substitutes; plant-based; meat; label; nutritional composition; ingredients
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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