Título Contribution of Small-Scale Agroforestry to Local Economic Development and Livelihood Resilience: Evidence from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (KPK), Pakistan
Autores Zada M. , Zada S. , Ali M. , Zhang Y. , Begum A. , Han H. , ARIZA MONTES, JOSÉ ANTONIO, Araya-Castillo L.
Publicación externa No
Medio Land
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 2
Impacto JCR 3.90000
Impacto SJR 0.64700
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85122241134&doi=10.3390%2fland11010071&partnerID=40&md5=4229f51e854e0e4662815530d2263d74
Fecha de publicacion 04/01/2022
ISI 000758713700001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85122241134
DOI 10.3390/land11010071
Abstract Agroforestry plays a vital role in enhancing environmental sustainability, improving local economies, and reducing poverty through livelihood resilience. Several researchers have studied the importance of agroforestry, but little attention has been paid to livelihood resilience and local economic development in developing countries. This study aims to find the role of small-scale agroforestry in local economic development in the Shangla and Swat districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province, Pakistan. In this study, a total of 350 quantitative household surveys, 12 qualitative household case studies, and interviews of experts are used. The ordinary least squares (OLS), linear regression model, household income, wealth index, and five capitals of sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) were used to measure livelihood resilience. Results show several significant findings which may apply on a larger scale and in other cities of Pakistan or other countries. First, it directly shows the association between agroforestry, resilience-building, and local economic development. Second, financial capital can be improved through agroforestry, which can improve other capital assets. Third, small-scale agroforestry brings non-financial benefits such as environmental sustainability, improved living standards, reduced soil erosion, and provided shade. Fourth, irrigation plays a vital role in building livelihood resilience and promoting agroforestry. Lastly, on-farm diversity can be improved through agroforestry. This research discusses several practical implications along with recommendations for future research. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Palabras clave Climate change; KPK Pakistan; Livelihood resilience; Local economic development; Small scale agroforestry; Sustainable livelihoods approach
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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