Título Development and criterion validity of the COVID-19 anxiety and fear assessment scale: a cross sectional study
Autores Gomez-Salgado, Juan , Allande-Cusso, Regina , RODRÍGUEZ DOMÍNGUEZ, MARÍA DEL CARMEN, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA, Camacho-Martin, Selena , Romero Ruiz, Adolfo , Ruiz-Frutos, Carlos
Publicación externa No
Medio Sci. Prog.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 2
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85117934085&doi=10.1177%2f00368504211050291&partnerID=40&md5=fd221a06c43932c9e9f34970984d826f
Fecha de publicacion 01/10/2021
ISI 000711826700001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85117934085
DOI 10.1177/00368504211050291
Abstract Background: The emergence of the new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which causes COVID-19 disease, has been a major public health challenge and an increase in the feeling of uncertainty of the population, who is also experiencing an increase in levels of anxiety and fear regarding the COVID-19 disease. Objective: The objective of the study was the construct and criterion validation of the Escala de evaluacion de la Ansiedad y MIedo a COVID-19 (AMICO, for its acronym in Spanish) to measure both constructs in the general Spanish population Methods: Descriptive study of psychometric validation. A field study was carried out to execute univariate and bivariate analyses, in addition to the exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis of the scale. For the criteria validity study, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and sensitivity and specificity values were calculated. Results: The study sample was composed of 1036 subjects over 18 years of age, who resided in Spain, where 56.3% were women with a mean age of 48.11 years (SD = 15.13). The study of construct validity reported two factors and 16 items, with a Cronbach\'s alpha value of 0.92. The scale was concurrently valid with the used gold standard and obtained sensitivity values of 90.48% and specificity values of 76%. Conclusions: The AMICO scale is valid and reliable for assessing the level of anxiety and fear of COVID-19 in the adult Spanish population and is highly sensitive.
Palabras clave Fear; anxiety; COVID-19; public health; mental health; instrument development
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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