Exploring the Complex Associations Among Social Determinants of Health in Andalusia After the 2008 Financial Crisis

Por: ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER, RODERO COSANO, MARÍA LUISA, SALINAS PÉREZ, JOSÉ ALBERTO, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, RODERO COSANO, MARÍA LUISA, ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER, SALINAS PÉREZ, JOSÉ ALBERTO, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO

Medio: Soc. Indic. Res.

Alcance: Article

Naturaleza: Científica

Cuartil JCR: 2

Cuartil SJR: 1

Impacto JCR: 1.87400

Ámbito: Internacional

Web: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85061039030&doi=10.1007%2fs11205-018-1845-z&partnerID=40&md5=60225cc0e061bc1a93153cd6d29d9fba

Fecha de publicacion: 01/01/2019

ISI: 000457606800017

Scopus Id: 2-s2.0-85061039030

DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1845-z

Abstract:
In this study, we disentangle the complex relationship between structural and intermediary social determinants of health in Andalusia (Spain) after the period of economic downturn, with the aim to understand the factors that might be addressed to reduce future health inequalities in socioeconomically vulnerable regions. Data from the IMPACT-A project were used. Our sample included 1200 individuals randomly selected using a stratified sampling process according to gender, age group and eight provinces in Andalusia (Spain). Structural equation modeling was conducted to test the goodness of fit of our data with the previous theoretical background. Our results indicated that socioeconomic factors and demographics are associated to health by influencing lifestyles, socioeconomic experiences during the crisis, and personal wellbeing. Additionally, several remarkable contributions from the results can be highlighted: (a) important differences in health outcomes were found in Andalusian females, (b) there was no relationship between income and lifestyles, (c) people with unmet medical needs demonstrated a higher perception of social discrimination, and (d) discrimination and happiness had a mediating effect on health. The final model accounts for more than one-third of the variance in health and describes the complex association of social determinants that might be addressed to reduce inequities in health in this region.

Palabras clave: Social determinants of health; Socioeconomic status; Health inequalities; Structural equation modeling; Path analysis; Andalusia

Autores de la Universidad Loyola: