Título Gender-Based Performance in Mathematical Facts and Calculations in Two Elementary School Samples From Chile and Spain: An Exploratory Study
Autores Pina, Violeta , Martella, Diana , Chacon-Moscoso, Salvador , Saracostti, Mahia , FENOLLAR CORTÉS, JAVIER
Publicación externa No
Medio Front. Psychol.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Ámbito Internacional
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85114375814&doi=10.3389%2ffpsyg.2021.703580&partnerID=40&md5=fa7d8af0465e1febd7d081ce296cf95a
Fecha de publicacion 17/08/2021
ISI 000692693200001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85114375814
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.703580
Abstract Gender differences in mathematical performance are not conclusive according to the scientific literature, although such differences are supported by international studies such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). According to TIMSS 2019, fourth-grade male students outperformed female students in Spanish-speaking countries, among others. This work approaches the study on gender difference by examining the basic calculation skills needed to handle more complex problems. Two international samples of second and third graders from Chile and Spain were selected for this exploratory study. Tests on basic mathematical knowledge (symbolic and non-symbolic magnitude comparisons, fluency, and calculation) were administered. The tests did not show significant difference or size effect between genders for mean performance, variance in the distribution of performance, or percentiles. As noted in the existing literature on this topic and reiterated by these findings, great care should be exercised when reporting on possible gender differences in mathematical performance, as these can contribute to low self-concept among female students.

Palabras clave gender differences; primary education; mathematical fluency; calculation; children
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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