Título Health-Related Physical Fitness in Adolescents from Spain, Estonia and Iceland: A Cross-Sectional, Quantitative Study
Autores GALÁN LÓPEZ, PABLO, Gísladóttir T. , Pihu M. , Sánchez-Oliver A.J. , Ries F. , Domínguez R.
Publicación externa No
Medio Sports
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto SJR 0.88
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85144675549&doi=10.3390%2fsports10120188&partnerID=40&md5=a66e5285bba2be57c5ae47f7e58cabfb
Fecha de publicacion 22/11/2022
ISI 000902605600001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85144675549
DOI 10.3390/sports10120188
Abstract The benefits of physical fitness (PF) for health are well-known. Low PF significantly contributes to the prevalence of obesity in adolescents, with an increased risk of developing chronic diseases. The objectives of the present study were to explore the health-related PF components and body composition levels in adolescents in three European cities, and their differences. The present study is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and quantitative research effort with 1717 participants aged between 13–16 years (48% girls), enrolled in public and private secondary schools in Seville (Spain), Reykjavik (Iceland) and Tartu (Estonia). The ALPHA fitness battery test was used with the following tests: handgrip strength, standing broad jump, 4 × 10 m speed-agility, 20 m shuttle run, and anthropometric variables. Regarding body composition, differences were detected for city and gender in height (p < 0.001), weight (p < 0.001), body fat percentage (p < 0.001), and waist circumference (p < 0.001); but no differences were reported for BMI for both city (p = 0.150) and gender (p = 0.738). Similarly, concerning PF, it was detected statistically significant differences between cities and gender in handgrip strength (p < 0.001), jump test (p < 0.001), speed-agility test (p < 0.001), and cardiovascular endurance in both variables (p < 0.001). In total, 26.8% of the boys and 27.3% of the girls were categorized as overweight; 18.1% of the boys and 31.2% of the girls had an excessive percentage of fat mass; and 22.7% of the boys and 22.2% of the girls showed an excessive waist circumference. The participants from Seville presented the lowest results in PF tests. In contrast, Reykjavik, with the highest results in the endurance and speed-agility tests, and Tartu, with higher results in the manual grip strength and long jump tests, shared the highest results. © 2022 by the authors.
Palabras clave adolescence; habits; lifestyle; overweight; physical inactivity; sedentary
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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