Título Longitudinal Mental Health State During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Longitudinal Change of Mental Symptoms and Its Predictors During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Prospective Longitudinal Study on Spanish Population
Autores SÁNCHEZ MARTÍN, MILAGROSA, MUÑOZ FERNÁNDEZ, NOELIA, García-Dantas A. , González-Vázquez A. , Lavadiño L. , Justo-Alonso A. , Río-Casanova L.D.
Publicación externa No
Medio Psychol. Trauma Theory Res. Pract. Policy
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85150759115&doi=10.1037%2ftra0001429&partnerID=40&md5=e1022707ccea86518df718380805830f
Fecha de publicacion 01/03/2023
ISI 000946703300001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85150759115
DOI 10.1037/tra0001429
Abstract over 6 months during the COVID-19 pandemic in a Spanish community sample, with a particular focus on individual differences in longitudinal change in symptoms and its predictors. Method: This longitudinal prospective study surveyed a Spanish community sample three times (T1: during the initial outbreak, T2: after 4 weeks and T3: after 6 months). Four thousand one hundred and thirty-nine participants from all the Spanish regions completed the questionnaires. However, the longitudinal analysis was performed only with participants which responded at least two times (1,423 participants). Mental health assessments included depression, anxiety, and stress (measured by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and post-traumatic symptoms were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Results: All the mental health variables achieved worse results at T2. Depression, stress, and posttraumatic symptoms did not recover at T3 when compared with the initial measure, while anxietywas practically stable across the timeline. Women, younger age, having a previous mental health diagnosis and contact with individuals with COVID- 19 were linked to worse psychological evolution during the 6-months period. A good perception of one’s physical health may be a protective factor. Conclusions: After 6 months of the pandemic, the general population’s mental health was still worse than at the initial outbreak for most of the variables analyzed © 2023, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. All rights reserved
Palabras clave Anxiety; Covid-19; Depression; Longitudinal Study; Mental Health; Pandemic; Post-Traumatic Symptoms; Stress
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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