Título Longitudinal Risk Profiles for Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Dating Aggression: a Latent Profile Analysis with Spanish Adolescents
Autores Nocentini A. , MUÑOZ FERNÁNDEZ, NOELIA, Menesini E. , Sánchez-Jiménez V.
Publicación externa No
Medio Sex. Res. Soc. Policy
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Ámbito Internacional
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85112784169&doi=10.1007%2fs13178-021-00623-5&partnerID=40&md5=3ad366ffe260869aa4974a3808f3abf3
Fecha de publicacion
ISI 000685720300001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85112784169
DOI 10.1007/s13178-021-00623-5
Abstract Introduction: Understanding the specific risk profile for distinct forms of dating aggression (DA) is very informative to define cross-cutting interventions. The study aims to evaluate whether specific profiles of risk defined using a person-oriented approach predicted physical, sexual, and psychological DA after 6 months. Methods: Eight hundred sixty-six Spanish adolescents were interviewed at two time points (50.5% male; average age = 15.04). Latent profile analysis at T1 was used to delineate profiles of individual and relational risk. Results: A three-class model best represents the data: a “normative” class (N = 768; 88%); a “highly aggressive” class characterized by acceptance of violent norms, bullying behaviors, and anger dysregulation (N = 13, 1.5%); a “jealous-conflictual” class characterized by cognitive and emotional jealousy, negative couple quality, and anger dysregulation (N = 85, 10%). Controlling for age, sex, and longitudinal stability, physical DA was predicted significantly by the “highly aggressive” profile (ß =.11; p <.05), psychological DA by the “jealous-conflictual” profile (ß =.16; p <.01), and sexual DA by the “jealous-conflictual” (ß =.20; p <.001) and “highly aggressive” profile as a trend (ß =.08; p =.071). Conclusions: Specific risk profiles differentially predict risk for physical, sexual, and psychological DA perpetration. A general aggressive pattern predicts physical DA and sexual DA weakly, whereas psychological and sexual DA are associated with a couple of risks, where the dimension of jealousy, control, and conflict characterizes the dynamic between partners. Policy Implications: Findings suggested that physical DA, and at a lower level sexual DA, should be prevented using cross-cutting strategies on general aggression. Psychological and sexual DA might require more contextually based interventions. © 2021, The Author(s).
Palabras clave Adolescents; Dating aggression; Latent profile analysis; Prospective study; Risk profile
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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