Título Multiple health behaviour change primary care intervention for smoking cessation, physical activity and healthy diet in adults 45 to 75 years old (EIRA study): a hybrid effectiveness-implementation cluster randomised trial
Autores Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Edurne , Casajuana-Closas, Marc , Lopez-Jimenez, Tomas , Pombo, Haizea , Pons-Vigues, Mariona , Pujol-Ribera, Enriqueta , Cabezas-Pena, Carmen , Llobera, Joan , Marti-Lluch, Ruth , Vicens, Caterina , MOTRICO MARTINEZ, EMMA, GÓMEZ GÓMEZ, IRENE, Maderuelo-Fernandez, Jose-Angel , Recio-Rodriguez, Jose , Masluk, Barbara , Contreras-Martos, Sara , Jacques-Avino, Constanza , Aznar-Lou, Ignacio , Gil-Girbau, Montserrat , Claveria, Ana , Magallon-Botaya, Rosa , Bellon, Juan-Angel , Ramos, Rafel , Sanchez-Perez, Alvaro , Moreno-Peral, Patricia , Leiva, Alfonso , Gonzalez-Formoso, Clara , Bolibar, Bonaventura
Publicación externa No
Medio BMC Public Health
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 4.135
Impacto SJR 1.156
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85120742206&doi=10.1186%2fs12889-021-11982-4&partnerID=40&md5=a47c09e3f98ca91afee2c7e61df67b5f
Fecha de publicacion 04/12/2021
ISI 000726280500005
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85120742206
DOI 10.1186/s12889-021-11982-4
Abstract Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a) a Multiple Health Behaviour Change (MHBC) intervention on reducing smoking, increasing physical activity and adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in people aged 45-75 years compared to usual care; and b) an implementation strategy.\n Methods: A cluster randomised effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial-type 2 with two parallel groups was conducted in 25 Spanish Primary Health Care (PHC) centres (3062 participants): 12 centres (1481 participants) were randomised to the intervention and 13 (1581 participants) to the control group (usual care). The intervention was based on the Transtheoretical Model and focused on all target behaviours using individual, group and community approaches. PHC professionals made it during routine care. The implementation strategy was based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). Data were analysed using generalised linear mixed models, accounting for clustering. A mixed-methods data analysis was used to evaluate implementation outcomes (adoption, acceptability, appropriateness, feasibility and fidelity) and determinants of implementation success.\n Results: 14.5% of participants in the intervention group and 8.9% in the usual care group showed a positive change in two or all the target behaviours. Intervention was more effective in promoting dietary behaviour change (31.9% vs 21.4%). The overall adoption rate by professionals was 48.7%. Early and final appropriateness were perceived by professionals as moderate. Early acceptability was high, whereas final acceptability was only moderate. Initial and final acceptability as perceived by the participants was high, and appropriateness moderate. Consent and recruitment rates were 82.0% and 65.5%, respectively, intervention uptake was 89.5% and completion rate 74.7%. The global value of the percentage of approaches with fidelity >= 50% was 16.7%. Eight CFIR constructs distinguished between high and low implementation, five corresponding to the Inner Setting domain.\n Conclusions: Compared to usual care, the EIRA intervention was more effective in promoting MHBC and dietary behaviour change. Implementation outcomes were satisfactory except for the fidelity to the planned intervention, which was low. The organisational and structural contexts of the centres proved to be significant determinants of implementation effectiveness.
Palabras clave Health behaviour; Health promotion; Hybrid trial; Implementation science; Mediterranean diet; Physical activity; Primary health care; Smoking cessation
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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