Título Neural differences between monolinguals and early bilinguals in their native language during comprehension.
Autores ROMÁN FERNÁNDEZ, PATRICIA ELENA, González, J , Ventura-Campos, N , Rodríguez-Pujadas, A , Sanjuán, A , Ávila, C
Publicación externa Si
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 3.03800
Impacto SJR 1.95700
Fecha de publicacion 01/11/2015
ISI 000366148900009
DOI 10.1016/j.bandl.2015.07.011
Abstract Research has shown that semantic processing of sentences engages more activity in the bilingual compared to the monolingual brain and, more specifically, in the inferior frontal gyrus. The present study aims to extend those results and examines whether semantic and also grammatical sentence processing involve different cerebral structures when testing in the native language. In this regard, highly proficient Spanish/Catalan bilinguals and Spanish monolinguals made grammatical and semantic judgments in Spanish while being scanned. Results showed that both types of judgments recruited more cerebral activity for bilinguals in language-related areas including the superior and middle temporal gyri. Such neural differences co-occurred with similar performance at the behavioral level. Taken together, these data suggest that early bilingualism shapes the brain and cognitive processes in sentence comprehension even in their native language; on the other hand, they indicate that brain over activation in bilinguals is not constrained to a specific area.
Palabras clave Bilingualism, Native language processing, Sentence comprehension, fMRI
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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