Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study.

Por: DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA, Gomez-Salgado, Juan, Andres-Villas, Montserrat, Diaz-Milanes, Diego, Romero-Martin, Macarena, Ruiz-Frutos, Carlos, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA

Medio: Healthcare

Alcance: Article

Naturaleza: Científica

Cuartil JCR: 1

Ámbito: Internacional

Fecha de publicacion: 28/06/2020

ISI: 000581985300001

DOI: 10.3390/healthcare8030190

Anxiety, depression, and stress are common and expected reactions to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The objective of this study is to analyze psychological distress in a sample of Spanish population, identifying the predictive nature of the information received, the preventive measures taken, level of concern, beliefs, and knowledge about the infection. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 4615 participants. Data were collected through a self-prepared questionnaire and the general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were performed. Of the total participants, 71.98% presented psychological distress. The study population actively sought information about coronavirus, expressed a high level of concern and knowledge, and the most frequent preventive behavior was hand washing. As predictive factors, the degree of concern for COVID-19 was identified (odds ratio (OR) = 1.244, 95% confidence interval (CI) = [1.179, 1.312]), the number of hours spent consulting information on COVID-19 (OR = 1.038, 95% CI = [1.009, 1.068]), or the need for psychological support (OR = 1.135, 95% CI = [1.094, 1.177]), among others. These results could help design more effective strategies towards a psycho-emotional approach for the population when in similar health crisis situations. There is a need for interventions aimed at the psychological well-being of the population that meet the needs of their reality.

Palabras clave: COVID-19; psychological distress; pandemic; disease prevention; mental health; public health; novel coronavirus

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