Título Returning to Work after Childbirth in Europe: Well-Being, Work-Life Balance, and the Interplay of Supervisor Support
Autores LUCIA CASADEMUNT, ANA MARÍA, Garcia-Cabrera, Antonia M., PADILLA ANGULO , LAURA , Cuellar-Molina, Deybbi, LUCIA CASADEMUNT, ANA MARÍA, PADILLA ANGULO , LAURA
Publicación externa No
Medio Front. Psychol.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 2.12900
Impacto SJR 0.99700
Ámbito Internacional
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85041805780&doi=10.3389%2ffpsyg.2018.00068&partnerID=40&md5=faf91e1c1b26bf355d580e55fdf87604
Fecha de publicacion 06/02/2018
ISI 000424251800001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85041805780
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00068
Abstract Parents returning to work after the arrival of a new son or daughter is an important question for understanding the trajectory of people's lives and professional careers amid current debates about gender equality and work-life balance (WLB). Interestingly, current research concludes that general WLB practices at the workplace may be necessary in the specific case of women returning to work after childbirth because of the particular maternal and infant factors involved. However, WLB practices as a flexible arrangement may work against women because they may be viewed as a lack of organizational commitment. Therefore, research on this topic could benefit from considering supervisor support as a complement of such practices, but previous research has analyzed WLB and supervisor support separately and scarcely. To fill this gap in the literature, we use two sub-samples of 664 female employees and 749 male employees with children under the age of one from 27 European countries participating in the 6th European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS-2015) to study the impact of perceived WLB on European women's perceived well-being after childbirth, in contrast with previous literature. We also analyze the impact of perceived supervisor support (SS) and its interaction with perceived WLB on women's well-being after childbirth, and explore differences with men after childbirth, a collective underexplored by the literature. We find significant gender differences on the relative impact of WLB, SS, and their interaction on perceived job well-being. Our results have important implications for human resource practices in organizations. In particular, they suggest that gendered WLB practices should be encouraged, and stress the relevance of the human factor over human resource practices in addressing the difficulties that women returning to work face after childbirth.
Palabras clave child birth; well-being in the workplace; female workers; European Union; work-life balance
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola