Título Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Through Lifestyles: Analysing Gender and Age Differences in Andalusia, Spain
Autores Gomez-Baya, Diego , SALINAS PÉREZ, JOSÉ ALBERTO, RODERO COSANO, MARÍA LUISA, Alvarez-Galvez, Javier
Publicación externa No
Medio J. Community Health
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 3
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 1.88300
Impacto SJR 0.82200
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85080939739&doi=10.1007%2fs10900-020-00800-4&partnerID=40&md5=5433e3ee0d0a0fd3c0482cdb9abe5a65
Fecha de publicacion 01/08/2020
ISI 000516775300001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85080939739
DOI 10.1007/s10900-020-00800-4
Abstract This research aims to analyse the association between socioeconomic\n status (SES) and self-rated health (SRH) through its relationship with\n lifestyle factors, as well as examining these effects stratified by\n gender and age groups. A cross-sectional study was performed with a\n representative sample from Andalusia (Southern Spain) composed of 1200\n adults. The study analysed several variables related to lifestyle\n (healthy diet, physical activity and tobacco and alcohol consumption)\n and SES (education and income), along with SRH. The joint effects of SRH\n and the set of variables were studied by using a hierarchical linear\n regression analysis. Later a path analysis was carried out to test the\n impact of gender and age group on these associations. The results show\n that a better SRH was reported by men with lower age, higher SES, more\n frequent physical activity, healthy diet, and lower alcohol use compared\n with their counterparts. Income was directly related to better SRH\n through more physical activity, a healthier diet and less alcohol\n consumption. SES had a greater positive relationship with women\'s health\n than with men\'s health. In addition, a greater explained variance in SRH\n was observed in older women based on SES and lifestyle factors. Our\n findings provide some cross-sectional evidence of the social\n inequalities in health mediated through lifestyle factors, with gender\n and age differences. Therefore, socioeconomic inequalities should be\n addressed by public and social policies considering the gender and age\n gaps.
Palabras clave Self-rated health; Lifestyles; Socioeconomic status; Gender; Age; Path analysis
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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