Título The blind men and the elephant: Systematic review of systematic reviews of cannabis use related health harms.
Autores Campeny, E , Lopez-Pelayo, H , Nutt, D , Blithikioti, C , Oliveras, C , Nuno, L , Maldonado, R , Florez, G , Arias, F , FERNÁNDEZ ARTAMENDI, SERGIO, Villalbi, J R , Sellares, J , Ballbe, M , Rehm, J , Balcells-Olivero, M M , Gual, A
Publicación externa No
Medio Eur. Neuropsychopharmacol.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 4.60000
Impacto SJR 1.60300
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85081212762&doi=10.1016%2fj.euroneuro.2020.02.003&partnerID=40&md5=2e40a7a0791fe8a4f3251075a1f2edb2
Fecha de publicacion 01/04/2020
ISI 000528796700001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85081212762
DOI 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.02.003
Abstract Cannabis is the third most used psychoactive substance worldwide. The\n legal status of cannabis is changing in many Western countries, while we\n have very limited knowledge of the public health impact of\n cannabis-related harms. There is a need for a summary of the evidence of\n harms and risks attributed to cannabis use, in order to inform the\n definition of cannabis risky use. We have conducted a systematic review\n of systematic reviews, aiming to define cannabis-related harms. We\n included systematic reviews published until July 2018 from six different\n databases and following the PRISMA guidelines. To assess study quality\n we applied the AMSTAR 2 tool. A total of 44 systematic reviews,\n including 1,053 different studies, were eligible for inclusion. Harm was\n categorized in three dimensions: mental health, somatic harm and\n physical injury (including mortality). Evidence shows a clear\n association between cannabis use and psychosis, affective disorders,\n anxiety, sleep disorders, cognitive failures, respiratory adverse\n events, cancer, cardiovascular outcomes, and gastrointestinal disorders.\n Moreover, cannabis use is a risk factor for motor vehicle collision,\n suicidal behavior and partner and child violence. Cannabis use is a risk\n factor for several medical conditions and negative social consequences.\n There is still little data on the dose-dependency of these effects;\n evidence that is essential in order to define, from a public health\n perspective, what can be considered risky use of cannabis. This\n definition should be based on quantitative and qualitative criteria that\n informs and permits the evaluation of current approaches to a regulated\n cannabis market.
Palabras clave cannabis; cannabis; anxiety disorder; cannabis use; cardiovascular disease; child abuse; cognitive defect; drug abuse; drug dependence; gastrointestinal disease; health hazard; human; information retr
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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