Título The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Smoking Consumption: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies
Publicación externa No
Medio Frontiers in Psychiatry
Alcance Review
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 4.7
Impacto SJR 1.222
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85135151966&doi=10.3389%2ffpsyt.2022.941575&partnerID=40&md5=e0aee5bc493df2bd13d8df22f2fbf313
Fecha de publicacion 12/07/2022
ISI 000831677600001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85135151966
DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.941575
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a global health crisis that has negatively impacted the mental health and wellbeing of the population. A large amount of scientific literature has emerged since 2019, but none of these studies have focused on assessing the impact of COVID-19 on smoking consumption. We aimed to analyse the changes in smoking consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic through longitudinal studies. This systematic review follows the PRISMA Statement. This study was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42021282235). MEDLINE, ERIC, PsycARTICLES, Scopus, Web of Science and PsycINFO databases were searched from inception to 24 October 2021. We completed an extensive assessment of all prospective cohort studies that aimed to explore the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on tobacco consumption habits. According to the PICOS\'s acronym, we included all population (P) types and studies developed before and during the COVID-19 pandemic (I) with a change in nicotine consumption as the outcome (O), as well as prospective cohort studies. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for observational studies. The results showed that 14 cohorts reported in 11 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A total of 58,052 participants were included in the review. Most of the studies pointed out a reduction in the number of cigarettes and e-cigarettes consumed from baseline (before the pandemic) to follow-up (during the pandemic). Only two studies reported an increase in cigarette or e-cigarette consumption from baseline to follow-up. The majority of studies presented a low risk of bias. In conclusion, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on smoking behavior is complex and uncertain. The decrease in smoking consumption during the pandemic could be related to the fear of becoming infected by COVID-19, the advancement of COVID-19, and the reduction in social gatherings. In several cases, the increases in nicotine consumption can be explained by psychological distress. These findings can be used to create strategies to prevent relapses during the post-vaccination phases of the pandemic.
Palabras clave COVID-19; smoking; prospective cohort studies; systematic review; mental health; tobacco
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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