Título The relationship between adherence to the mediterranean diet, intake of specific foods and depression in an adult population (45-75 Years) in primary health care. A cross-sectional descriptive study
Autores Oliván-Blázquez B. , Aguilar-Latorre A. , MOTRICO MARTINEZ, EMMA, GÓMEZ GÓMEZ, IRENE, Zabaleta-del-Olmo E. , Couso S. , Clavería A. , Maderuelo-Fernandez J.A. , Recio-Rodríguez J.I. , Moreno-Peral P. , Casajuana-Closas M. , López-Jiménez T. , Bolíbar B. , Llobera J. , Sarasa-Bosque C. , Sanchez-Perez A. , Bellón J.A. , Magallón-Botaya R.
Publicación externa No
Medio Nutrients
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85112215235&doi=10.3390%2fnu13082724&partnerID=40&md5=71208bddc02984a31158942e608f5034
Fecha de publicacion 01/01/2021
ISI 000690188600001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85112215235
DOI 10.3390/nu13082724
Abstract Background: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patients aged 45 to 75, having subclinical or major depression. The study also specifically analyzes this relationship in individuals suffering from chronic diseases. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. 3062 subjects met the inclusion criteria from the EIRA study. Sociodemographic variables, clinical morbidity, depression symptomatology (PHQ-9) and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MEDAS) were collected. Results: Being female, younger, with a higher BMI, consuming more than 1 serving of redmeat a day and drinking more than one carbonated or sugary drink daily, not consuming 3 servings of nuts a week and not eating 2 vegetables cooked in olive oil a week are predictors of having higher depressive symptomatology. Conclusions: Assessing the type of diet of patients presenting depressive symptoms and promoting adherence to a healthy diet is important, especially in patients with chronic diseases. However, depression is a very complex issue and the relationship between nutrition and depression must be further examined. © 2021 by the authors.
Palabras clave Chronic diseases; Cross-sectional study; Depression; Mediterranean diet; Primary healthcare
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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