Título Victimization and substance use among adolescents in residential child care.
Autores FERNÁNDEZ ARTAMENDI, SERGIO, Aguila-Otero, Alba , F Del Valle, Jorge , Bravo, Amaia
Publicación externa No
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 1
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 3.928
Impacto SJR 1.552
Fecha de publicacion 16/04/2020
ISI 000534195200023
DOI 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104484
Abstract BACKGROUND: Adolescents in Residential Child Care (RCC) report high\n levels of victimization. This has been linked to mental health problems\n and a higher risk of substance use and substance use problems. The\n present study aimed to evaluate the specific impact of different forms\n of victimization on alcohol and cannabis use problems among adolescents\n in RCC, attending to sex differences.\n METHODS: 321 adolescents from 38 residential therapeutic care facilities\n in Spain participated in the study. Thirty-six different forms of\n victimization were evaluated, as well as alcohol and cannabis use\n problems. Impact of polyvictimization and specific forms of\n victimization on alcohol and cannabis use problems and disorders were\n calculated using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and logistic regression\n models.\n RESULTS: Girls in RCC reported significantly more experiences of\n victimization. Polyvictimization was associated with alcohol use\n problems but not cannabis use problems. Property, domestic and community\n victimization showed the highest predictive role regarding alcohol and\n cannabis use disorders, with significant interactions with sex and\n migrant family background.\n CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents in RCC reported considerably high levels of\n victimization and alcohol and cannabis use problems. In this population,\n property victimization, as well as indirect domestic and community\n victimization were predictors of further substance use problems, with\n girls being particularly sensitive to victimization. Migrant family\n backgrounds can also have an influence on the impact of some\n victimization forms on substance use. Victimization associated to\n high-risk environments and families could contribute to explain the high\n levels of substance use problems in this population.
Palabras clave Adolescents; Alcohol; Cannabis; Polyvictimization; Residential child care; Substance use disorder; Victimization
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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