Título What Predicts What? Self-Reported and Behavioral Impulsivity and High-Risk Patterns of Alcohol Use in Spanish Early Adolescents: A 2-Year Longitudinal Study
Autores FERNÁNDEZ ARTAMENDI, SERGIO, Martinez-Loredo, Victor, Grande-Gosende, Aris, SIMPSON, IAN CRAIG, Ramon Fernandez-Hermida, Jose, SIMPSON, IAN CRAIG, FERNÁNDEZ ARTAMENDI, SERGIO
Publicación externa No
Medio Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
Alcance Article
Naturaleza Científica
Cuartil JCR 2
Cuartil SJR 1
Impacto JCR 3.23500
Ámbito Internacional
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85052458657&doi=10.1111%2facer.13852&partnerID=40&md5=d139e1bf5be690da587752f5ae2862b4
Fecha de publicacion 01/10/2018
ISI 000446007200019
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85052458657
DOI 10.1111/acer.13852
Abstract BackgroundThe directionality of the relationship between impulsivity and heavy drinking patterns remains unclear. Recent research suggests it could be reciprocal and depends on different facets of impulsivity and different patterns of drinking. The aim of this study was to analyze this potential reciprocal relationship between self-reported and behavioral measures of impulsivity and sensation seeking with specific patterns of heavy drinking in a sample of Spanish adolescents across 2years. MethodsThe study has a cross-lagged prospective design in which participants were evaluated 3 times over 2years (once a year). Participants were 1,430 adolescents (53.9% male; mean age at study commencement=13.02, SD=0.51) from 22 secondary schools in Spain. Computerized versions of the following instruments were used: 2 subscales of Impulsive Sensation Seeking, 2 behavioral measures (Stroop Test and Delay Discounting [DD] task), frequency of intoxication episodes (IE), and the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index to evaluate alcohol-related problems (ARP). Random intercepts cross-lagged panel models of reciprocal relationships between impulsivity measures and alcohol use outcomes were used. ResultsIndividual levels of self-reported impulsivity and sensation seeking significantly predicted prospective involvement in IE and ARP. Performance in behavioral measures (Stroop Test and DD) did not predict subsequent heavy drinking or alcohol problems. No measure of drinking was found to be a significant predictor of prospective changes in impulsivity. ConclusionsWithin-person levels of self-reported impulsivity and sensation seeking significantly predicted further heavy drinking from as early as 13years old, whereas behavioral measures were not predictive. In our study, neither IE nor ARP predicted prospective changes in impulsivity. Further studies should address additional specific relationships between facets of impulsivity and specific outcomes of heavy drinking.
Palabras clave Impulsivity; Alcohol; Adolescent; Longitudinal; Sensation Seeking
Miembros de la Universidad Loyola

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