Title A two-year longitudinal study of gender differences in responses to positive affect and depressive symptoms during middle adolescence
Authors GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, Mendoza, Ramon, Paino, Susana, Gillham, Jane E., GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means J. Adolesc.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.86500
SJR Impact 1.01000
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85010380415&doi=10.1016%2fj.adolescence.2017.01.005&partnerID=40&md5=660e98f30cb5a0f30ae0f683512d6d45
Publication date 01/04/2017
ISI 000397693300002
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85010380415
DOI 10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.01.005
Abstract This study aimed to analyze the prospective associations during adolescence between depressive symptoms and response styles to positive affect and to examine gender differences. A longitudinal study was conducted with three waves separated by 1 year each to assess a non-clinical sample of 622 Spanish adolescents who were 13 and 14 years old (50.2% boys, 49.8% girls). The participants completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms and responses to positive affect (emotion-focused positive rumination, self-focused positive rumination and dampening of positive emotion). The results showed that the increase in depressive symptoms was associated with an increase in dampening and decreases in emotion-focused and self-focused positive rumination. Furthermore, girls presented more depressive symptoms, as well as higher dampening and lower self-focused positive rumination, than boys. The conclusions highlight the need to consider responses to positive affect in explaining gender differences in depressive symptoms during mid adolescence, as well as in designing prevention programs. (C) 2017 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Depressive symptoms; Positive affect; Response styles; Dampening; Gender; Adolescence
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