Title After-school time use of urban adolescents: Effects on achievement, problem behaviors, and happiness
Authors Martins, Paula Cristina, Oliveira, Vitor Hugo, Mendes, Silvia Maria, FERNÁNDEZ PACHECO ALISES, GLORIA, FERNÁNDEZ PACHECO ALISES, GLORIA
External publication No
Means J. Leis. Res.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 4
SJR Quartile 2
Area International
Publication date 01/01/2020
ISI 000554664000001
DOI 10.1080/00222216.2020.1785977
Abstract Leisure is a context for both risk and protection of adolescent well-being. Using a person-centered analysis, the present study examined the links between after-school time use and the adjustment of an urban sample of 7th-12th graders (n = 3,808), who self-reported on their leisure activities, school achievement, problem behaviors, and happiness. Results indicated that time use patterns were distributed in five clusters: Creative/Social, Productive/Home, High-Social/Sports, Uninvolved/Sports, and Uninvolved/Home. These patterns of time use varied by age, gender and SES, and were linked with adolescent outcomes in a way that adolescents involved with multiple constructive activities presented better adjustment compared with their either uninvolved or socially oriented counterparts. Specific groups of adolescents were at higher risk for problem behaviors linked to after-school time use. These findings have relevant implications for evidence-based interventions and policies aiming at promoting adolescent well-being and targeting at-risk populations of youth.
Keywords Health; leisure activities; person-centered analysis; psychosocial adjustment; youth
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