Title Analysis of the barriers to the adoption of zero-emission vehicles in Spain
Authors ROSALES TRISTANCHO, ABEL , Brey Sánchez, Raúl , Fernández Carazo, Ana , BREY SÁNCHEZ, JOSÉ JAVIER
External publication No
Means Transp. Res. Pt. A-Policy Pract.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85125281212&doi=10.1016%2fj.tra.2022.01.016&partnerID=40&md5=2a2a2c8da818f44d6a5d501b21ae9011
Publication date 01/04/2022
ISI 000783587800002
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85125281212
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2022.01.016
Abstract This paper investigates Spanish drivers’ perceptions of the main barriers existing in Spain to the purchase of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). Following a comprehensive literature review in this field, this paper quantifies, by means of a survey conducted in Spain of 1474 Spanish drivers, the drivers’ desired levels for each barrier to consider ZEVs in their next purchase decision to replace their current usually-used car. The analysis of these reported levels with latent class cluster models revealed the existence, in the sample, of groups of consumers with homogeneous preferences regarding the barriers. These groups differ in terms of individuals’ characteristics, the car to be replaced, and journeys made with it. The most flexible groups comprise individuals with a significant knowledge of ZEVs, which underscores the importance of educational policies for the promotion of the use of ZEVs. The desired levels of the barriers for each group are confronted with the current status of the barriers for certain ZEVs. This comparison reveals that Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) would have great potential if they received government support, because their only barriers are economic (purchase price and fuel availability). This paper also quantifies the effects that purchase incentives and infrastructure investment policies could have in terms of higher FCEV penetration rates. © 2022 The Authors
Keywords Cluster analysis; Fuel cells; Investments; Purchasing; Sales; 'current; Barrier; Clusters model; Fuel cell electric vehicle; Latent class; Literature reviews; Purchase decision; Spain; Used cars; Zero
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