Title Assessing the Importance of Internal and External Self-Esteem and Their Relationship to Honor Concerns in Six Countries
Authors van Osch, Yvette, Bender, Michael, He, Jia, Adams, Byron G., Kunuroglu, Filiz, Tillman, Richard N., BENÍTEZ BAENA, ISABEL, Sekaja, Lusanda, Mamathuba, Neo, BENÍTEZ BAENA, ISABEL
External publication No
Means Cross-Cult. Res.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85085609701&doi=10.1177%2f1069397120909383&partnerID=40&md5=10d68ecc32c89842e34868cd5b41182b
Publication date 01/01/2020
ISI 000536652900001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85085609701
DOI 10.1177/1069397120909383
Abstract We assessed empirical support for (a) the widely held notion that across so-called "honor, dignity, and face cultures," internal and external components of self-esteem are differentially important for overall self-esteem; and (b) the idea that concerns for honor are related to internal and external components of self-esteem in honor cultures but not in dignity and face cultures. Most importantly, we also set out to (c) investigate whether measures are equivalent, that is, whether a comparison of means and relationships across cultural groups is possible with the employed scales. Data were collected in six countries (N = 1,099). We obtained only metric invariance for the self-esteem and honor scales, allowing for comparisons of relationships across samples, but not scale means. Partly confirming theoretical ideas on the importance of internal and external components of self-esteem, we found that only external rather than both external and internal self-esteem was relatively more important for overall self-esteem in "honor cultures"; in a "dignity" culture, internal self-esteem was relatively more important than external self-esteem. Contrary to expectations, in a "face" culture, internal self-esteem was relatively more important than external self-esteem. We were not able to conceptually replicate earlier reported relationships between components of self-esteem and the concern for honor, as we observed no cultural differences in the relationship between self-esteem and honor. We point toward the need for future studies to consider invariance testing in the field of honor to appropriately understand differences and similarities between samples.
Keywords article; controlled study; expectation; human; human dignity; major clinical study; self esteem; theoretical study
Universidad Loyola members