Title Catalytic Conversion of Renewable Biomass Resources to Fuels and Chemicals
Authors SERRANO RUIZ, JUAN CARLOS, West, Ryan M. , Durnesic, James A.
External publication Si
Means Annu. Rev. Chem. Biomol. Eng.
Scope Review
Nature Científica
Publication date 01/01/2010
ISI 000281964200005
DOI 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-073009-100935
Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass is renewable and cheap, and it has the potential to displace fossil fuels in the production of fuels and chemicals. Biomass-derived carboxylic acids are important compounds that can be used as platform molecules for the production of a variety of important chemicals on a large scale. Lactic acid, a prototypical biomass derivative, and levulinic acid, an important chemical feedstock produced by hydrolysis of waste cellulosic materials, can be upgraded using bifunctional catalysts (those containing metal and acid sites), which allows the integration of several transformations (e.g., oxygen removal and C-C coupling) in a single catalyst bed. This coupling between active sites is beneficial in that it reduces the complexity and cost of the biomass conversion processes. Deoxygenation of biomass derivatives is a requisite step for the production of fuels and chemicals, and strategies are proposed to minimize the consumption of hydrogen from an external source during this process.
Keywords heterogeneous catalysts; catalytic coupling; lactic acid; levulinic acid; bifunctional catalysts; deoxygenation
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