Title Determinants of inequality acceptability in a representative sample of the Spanish population
Authors Santamaría D. , Miller L. , Ubeda P. , PADILLA ANGULO, LAURA
External publication No
Means J. Behave. Exp. Econ.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 3
SJR Quartile 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85166626350&doi=10.1016%2fj.socec.2023.102072&partnerID=40&md5=3f11f920d52ae896d52f01a48b13eb12
Publication date 01/10/2023
ISI 001052608400001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85166626350
DOI 10.1016/j.socec.2023.102072
Abstract Why is there general support for equality-enhancing policies in some social contexts, while in others, social inequalities seem to be widely regarded as acceptable? In the last sixty years, this research question has been raised hundreds of times across the social sciences. Here, we use a survey-experimental design that may overcome some of the limitations of previous studies. Three sets of determinants of inequality acceptability are explored: individual socioeconomic status (SES), societal economic inequality, and the source or origin of inequality. The results of a survey experiment conducted in 2020 based on a representative sample confirm that inequalities are considered fairer by high-SES individuals and when they are due to performance. Although the effect of societal inequality on preferences is less robust, we find that in more unequal contexts, equal distributions are judged to be fairer. © 2023 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords Inequality; Redistribution; Socioeconomic status; Survey experiments
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