Title Economic stress at work: Its impact over absenteeism and innovation
Authors Sanchez-Gomez M. , Giorgi G. , Finstad G.L. , Alessio F. , ARIZA MONTES, JOSÉ ANTONIO, Arcangeli G. , Mucci N.
External publication No
Means Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 2
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85105715904&doi=10.3390%2fijerph18105265&partnerID=40&md5=2b13c44d71bf8f699f44b01682f3407f
Publication date 01/01/2021
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85105715904
DOI 10.3390/ijerph18105265
Abstract Economic stress has been recognized as a major threat to the well-being and performance of workers, especially during times of global economic crisis. An interesting and relatively unexplored research topic concerns the associations between economic stress and employee job outcomes such as innovative behaviors, indispensable for business survival. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between economic stress, absenteeism and innovation. We considered both a direct and a mediation hypothesis and hypothesized that economic stress can have a negative influence on innovation directly and indirectly through increased absenteeism. A cross-sectional study was performed during 2018 and 2019 in an Italian food factory. A sample of 578 employees completed the Stress Questionnaire, the Janssen’s nine-item scale and a single-item regarding absenteeism. All relationships are supported by empirical data. As expected, the results indicated that economic stress is negatively related to innovation and positively related to absenteeism, which, in turn, plays a mediating role in the relationship between economic stress and innovative behavior. Herewith, those employees with higher levels of economic stress show higher levels of absenteeism contributing at the same time to a decrease in innovative behaviors. These findings show the importance of economic stress in understanding individual work outcomes and highlight the need to promote adequate intervention programs. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords Absenteeism; Economic stress; Innovation; Innovative behavior; Mental health; Work related stress
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