Title Efficacy of Nanosilica Coatings in Calcium Looping Reactors
Authors DURAN OLIVENCIA, FRANCISCO JOSÉ, Gannoun R. , Pérez A.T. , Valverde J.M.
External publication No
Means Ind Eng Chem Res
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85146615363&doi=10.1021%2facs.iecr.2c03490&partnerID=40&md5=0e9659b46a76c2ee61b6808a44ef3c62
Publication date 17/01/2023
ISI 000922642400001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85146615363
DOI 10.1021/acs.iecr.2c03490
Abstract Nanosilica coatings are considered a simple physical treatment to alleviate the effect of cohesion on powder flowability. In limestone powders, these coatings buffer the rise in cohesion at high temperatures. Here, we investigate the role of particle size in the efficiency (and resilience) of these layers. To this end, this work examines a series of four limestone powders with very sharp particle size distributions: average particle size ranged from 15 to 60 µm. All the samples were treated with nanosilica at different concentrations from 0 to 0.82 wt %. Powders were subjected to short- and long-term storage conditions in calcium looping based systems: temperatures that vary from 25 to 500 °C and moderate consolidations (up to 2 kPa). Experiments monitored powder cohesion and its ability to flow by tracking the tensile strength of different samples while fluidized freely. Fluidization profiles were also used to infer variation in packings and the internal friction of the powder bed. Interestingly, for particle sizes below 50 µm, the nanosilica treatment mitigated cohesion significantly-the more nanosilica content, the better the flowability performance. However, at high temperatures, the efficiency of nanosilica coatings declined in 60 µm samples. Scanning electron microscopy images confirmed that only 60 µm samples presented surfaces barely coated after the experiments. In conclusion, nanosilica coatings on limestone are not stable beyond the 50 µm threshold. This is a critical finding for thermochemical systems based on the calcium looping process, since larger particles can still exhibit a significant degree of cohesion at high temperatures. © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
Keywords Calcium; Compressive strength; Efficiency; Fluidization; Lime; Limestone; Powders; Scanning electron microscopy; Tensile strength; Average particle size; Calcium looping; Highest temperature; Limeston
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