Title Electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 to added-value chemicals in a high-temperature proton-exchange membrane reactor
Authors Gutierrez-Guerra, N. , Valverde, J. L. , Romero, A. , SERRANO RUIZ, JUAN CARLOS, de Lucas-Consuegra, A.
External publication No
Means Electrochem. Commun.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 4.66000
SJR Impact 1.60600
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85021151094&doi=10.1016%2fj.elecom.2017.06.018&partnerID=40&md5=442b639c8f51412acbfe52688b9cef5f
Publication date 01/08/2017
ISI 000406947200029
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85021151094
DOI 10.1016/j.elecom.2017.06.018
Abstract We have developed a novel gas-phase electrocatalytic system for the conversion of CO2 into added-value chemicals. The system is based on a high- temperature proton-exchange membrane reactor containing a Cu cathodic catalyst supported on carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and an H3PO4-doped polybenzimidazole polymer electrolyte membrane (PBI). The resulting Cu-CNFs/PBI/IrO2 membrane electrode assembly (MEA) allowed the utilization of higher temperatures (110 degrees C) than has been previously reported. The application of a low current density (- 0.8 mA/cm(2)) permitted the direct transformation of CO2 into various organic compounds in the C-1-C-3 range, acetaldehyde being the most common product (85% selectivity). The application of a higher current density (- 1.6 mA/cm(2)) increased the overall electrocatalytic activity of the system, producing lighter and more saturated compounds. The novel electrochemical cell proposed in this work allows the conversion of CO2 into valuable products under mild conditions (i.e., room pressure, 110 degrees C) with no requirement for H-2 and using electrical energy that could potentially be obtained from renewable energy sources.
Keywords PEM; Cu catalyst; CO2 electroreduction; Electrolysis; Solar fuels; Electrocatalyic hydrogenation
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