Title Electrochemical reforming vs. catalytic reforming of ethanol: A process energy analysis for hydrogen production
Authors Gutierrez-Guerra, N. , Jimenez-Vazquez, M. , SERRANO RUIZ, JUAN CARLOS, Valverde, J. L. , de Lucas-Consuegra, A.
External publication Si
Means Chem. Eng. Process.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.15400
SJR Impact 0.85500
Publication date 01/09/2015
ISI 000361258100002
DOI 10.1016/j.cep.2015.05.008
Abstract This work reports an energetic analysis for hydrogen production via catalytic steam and electrochemical ethanol reforming processes. For both systems, a complete flow diagram process was proposed and simulated by Aspen HYSYS according to literature data. Besides hydrogen, other byproducts such as acetaldehyde (electrochemical reforming) and ethylene and methane (catalytic reforming) were also considered. The energy requirement of the different process units was calculated according to the operating parameters. Just process energy (thermal energy and electrical energy) consumption was considered in the study of the steam reforming whereas both energy process and electrical energy consumption were considered in the study of the electrochemical reforming. Material balances revealed electrochemical reforming to present higher hydrogen yields. (0.0436 vs. 0.0304 kg H-2/kg C2H5OH of the classical catalytic reforming). In addition to its higher simplicity, simulation results showed a lower energy consumption in the H-2 production by the electrochemical approach (29.2 vs. 32.70 kWh/Kg of H2). These results demonstrated the interest of the electrochemical reforming of ethanol to obtain high purity hydrogen in a single reaction/separation step, thereby representing an interesting alternative to classical catalytic reforming. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords H-2 production; Ethanol; Electrochemical reforming; Catalytic steam reforming; Simulation
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