Title Emotional abilities and HbA1c levels in patients with type 1 diabetes
Authors RUIZ ARANDA, DESIREE, Zysberg, Leehu , Garcia-Linares, Ernesto , Maria Castellano-Guerrero, Ana , Asuncion Martinez-Brocca, Maria , RUIZ GUTIÉRREZ COLOSIA, MENCIA
External publication No
Means Psychoneuroendocrinology
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 4.01300
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85046336290&doi=10.1016%2fj.psyneuen.2018.04.015&partnerID=40&md5=5b65f13892bd0f627de7597a07ed15c0
Publication date 01/07/2018
ISI 000434747600015
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85046336290
DOI 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.04.015
Abstract In recent years a growing body of research is focused on the relationships between emotions and health. When it comes to diabetes, findings suggest that distress might play a key role in the acquisition and maintenance of health habits associated with diabetic management. This report describes two studies examining the roles of emotional abilities in diabetic management from two different conceptual points of view using two culturally different samples. In study 1, we examined the relationship between emotional intelligence and HbA1c levels in a sample of eighty-five patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) in Israel. In study 2, we examined the relationship between specific emotional regulation strategies and HbA1c in sixty-seven adolescents with DM1, while examining the mediating role of distress in this association. The results showed a negative association between emotional intelligence and HbA1c levels, even after controlling for potential intervening factors. We found that the relationship between difficulties in emotion regulation and HbA1c seemed to be mediated by diabetes-related distress. These findings may aid in the design of psychological models for future research as well as interventions aimed at improving emotional abilities in people with DM1.
Keywords Type 1 diabetes mellitus; HbA1c; Emotional abilities; Distress; Emotional intelligence
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