Title Emotional Exhaustion in Housewives and Alzheimer Patients' Caregivers: Its Effects on Chronic Diseases, Somatic Symptoms and Social Dysfunction
Authors de las Mercedes Campos-Puente, Alina, Luisa Avargues-Navarro, Maria, Borda-Mas, Mercedes, SÁNCHEZ MARTÍN, MILAGROSA, Aguilar-Parra, Jose M., Trigueros, Ruben, SÁNCHEZ MARTÍN, MILAGROSA
External publication No
Means Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 2
JCR Impact 2.84900
Area International
Publication date 02/09/2019
ISI 000489178500024
DOI 10.3390/ijerph16183250
Abstract Background: Emotional exhaustion causes adverse effects in those who suffer from it. Housewives are not excluded. Domestic and care chores, which are considered to be sources of stress, increase when taking on the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease. Objective: To analyse the influence of emotional exhaustion, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction, based on the activity they carry out. Methodology: Cross-sectional survey. 193 women participated, of which: housewives (HWs) (n = 97), and Alzheimer's patient caregiver-housewives (CHWs) (n = 96). The evaluation tools were: sociodemographic/working data questionnaire (ad hoc), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Results: High rates of emotional exhaustion are observed, as well as an existing positive link between chronic diseases, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction. The structural model indicates that emotional exhaustion predicts the amount and extent of diseases, somatic symptoms and social dysfunction. The influence is higher in CHWs. Limitations: Sample procedure implemented at convenience; the variable of the grade of dependence of the Alzheimer's patient caregiver was not included in the study. Conclusions: The domestic and care chores that HWs and CHWs carry out affect their health. Hence the need to develop psychoeducative programmes that are adapted to the particular needs of these women and focused on the different areas of their everyday lives.
Keywords emotional exhaustion; chronic diseases; somatic symptoms; housewives; caregiver housewives; main caregivers of Alzheimer's patients
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