Title IMMIGRATION, LANGUAGE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SPAIN. A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Authors Alvarez-Sotomayor, Alberto, MARTÍNEZ COUSINOU, GLORIA, MARTÍNEZ COUSINOU, GLORIA
External publication No
Means Rev. Int. Sociol.
Scope Review
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 4
SJR Quartile 3
Area International
Publication date 01/07/2020
ISI 000576256000002
DOI 10.3989/ris.2020.78.3.19.083
Abstract Since the nineties, publications that deal with the relationships between immigration, proficiency in the language of instruction and academic performance of children of im-migrants have multiplied in Spain. The majority defend the linguistic disadvantage hypothesis when explaining the poorer performance of these students. This paper reviews this literature within the Spanish context in order to assess its contributions, limitations and gaps. Despite the advances, it is concluded that the absence of research that si-multaneously measures the proficiency in the language of instruction and the academic performance precludes rigorous empirical knowledge of such relationship and, hence, the contrast of the aforementioned hypothesis. The size of both the samples and the subsamples of the national origin groups, as well as a proper control for certain relevant vari-ables, are pointed out as other research challenges.
Keywords Children of immigrants; Educational achievement; Linguistic integration; Spanish language proficiency
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