Title Intervention in emotional abilities for adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in a hospital setting: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Authors RUIZ ARANDA, DESIREE, RESURRECCIÓN MENA, DAVINIA MARÍA, RUIZ GUTIÉRREZ COLOSIA, MENCIA, Brocca Martínez, María Asunción, RUIZ GUTIÉRREZ COLOSIA, MENCIA, RESURRECCIÓN MENA, DAVINIA MARÍA, RUIZ ARANDA, DESIREE
External publication No
Means BMJ Open
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.49600
Area International
Publication date 27/08/2019
ISI 000502537200136
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027913
Abstract Introduction Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most frequent chronic endocrine diseases in the paediatric population. As a result, this disease has a strong impact on psychological well-being. In line with this, emotional factors play an important role in adaptation. The aim of the present study protocol is to design an emotional abilities programme to improve metabolic control assessed by haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) samples. Specifically, this intervention will be focused on adaptive coping strategies to deal with unpleasant emotions associated with T1DM. The primary aim of this project is to assess whether the employment of this new psychological intervention improves the emotional abilities of adolescents with T1DM. Methods and analysis Two focus groups will be carried out for the design and evaluation of the programme following the APEASE criteria (affordability, practicability, effectiveness, acceptability, side effects/safety and equity). Behavioural change will be based on the Behaviour Change Wheel. Sixty-two participants from 12 to 18 years of age will be recruited at a public hospital and randomised to either an intervention or a control group. The intervention group will receive an emotional abilities training programme. The control group will receive usual educational intervention. The primary outcomes are metabolic control and emotional abilities. The secondary outcomes include emotional distress control, positive and negative affect, healthy habits, and quality of life. Data will be collected at baseline, immediately postintervention, and at follow-up visits at 6 and 12 months. A feasibility analysis will be conducted. Ethics and dissemination The study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Universidad Loyola Andalucia. Results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and disseminated across the scientific community. Trial registration number NCT03734367.
Keywords type 1 diabetes mellitus; adolescence; emotional intelligence; protocol
Universidad Loyola members