Title Latent Growth Curve Analysis of Gender Differences in Response Styles and Depressive Symptoms during Mid-Adolescence
Authors GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, Mendoza, Ramon, Paino, Susana, Sanchez, Alvaro, Romero, Nuria, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means Cogn. Ther. Res.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.43200
SJR Impact 1.56400
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84995488378&doi=10.1007%2fs10608-016-9822-9&partnerID=40&md5=75f5c0469776672fce74ba7a195a5676
Publication date 01/04/2017
ISI 000396340600012
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-84995488378
DOI 10.1007/s10608-016-9822-9
Abstract Consistent with Response Styles Theory, this study aimed to examine the prospective associations between changes in response styles and depressive symptoms during mid-adolescence, with a focus on gender differences. A 2-year longitudinal study was conducted consisting of three waves, each separated by 1 year. The participants were 663 Spanish adolescents (M = 13.50, SD = .75) who individually completed the Children's Depression Inventory-Short and a short version of the Children's Response Styles Scale. Girls showed higher rumination and lower distraction than boys and more depressive symptoms. A multivariate latent growth curve model indicated that the increase in depressive symptoms during mid-adolescence in girls was associated with an increase in rumination and a decrease in distraction. After a 2-year follow-up, changes in response styles to negative affect (in rumination and distraction independently and in the ratio score) were interrelated with the changes in depressive symptoms in adolescent girls.
Keywords Response styles; Rumination; Distraction; Depression; Gender; Adolescence
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