Title Oral vocabulary training program for Spanish third-graders with low socio-economic status: A randomized controlled trial
Authors Gomes-Koban, Clara, SIMPSON, IAN CRAIG, Valle, Araceli, Defior, Sylvia, SIMPSON, IAN CRAIG
External publication No
Means PLoS ONE
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.76600
SJR Impact 1.16400
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85035815239&doi=10.1371%2fjournal.pone.0188157&partnerID=40&md5=81a8c0a0d9be6108bce58cd98e9990b0
Publication date 29/11/2017
ISI 000416484900024
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85035815239
DOI 10.1371/iournal.pone.0188157
Abstract Although the importance of vocabulary training in English speaking countries is well recognized and has been extensively studied, the same is not true for Spanish-few evidence based vocabulary studies for Spanish-speaking children have been reported. Here, two rich oral vocabulary training programs (definition and context), based on literature about vocabulary instruction for English-speaking children, were developed and applied in a sample of 100 Spanish elementary school third-graders recruited from areas of predominantly low socio-economic status (SES). Compared to an alternative read-aloud method which served as the control, both explicit methods were more effective in teaching word meanings when assessed immediately after the intervention. Nevertheless, five months later, only the definition group continued to demonstrate significant vocabulary knowledge gains. The definition method was more effective in specifically teaching children word meanings and, more broadly, in helping children organize and express knowledge of words. We recommend the explicit and rich vocabulary instruction as a means to fostering vocabulary knowledge in low SES children.
Keywords child; controlled study; human; linguistics; primary school; randomized controlled trial; social status; speech; teaching; training; female; male; social class; Spain; Child; Female; Humans; Male; Soc
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