Title Orthogonality of q-polynomials for non-standard parameters
Authors COSTAS SANTOS, ROBERTO SANTIAGO, Sanchez-Lara, J. F.
External publication Si
Means J. Approx. Theory
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 2
JCR Impact 0.68100
SJR Impact 0.82700
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-79960474020&doi=10.1016%2fj.jat.2011.04.005&partnerID=40&md5=2de143b017788ce8a4d7c524abe0a165
Publication date 01/09/2011
ISI 000294143300013
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-79960474020
DOI 10.1016/j.jat.2011.04.005
Abstract q-polynomials can be defined for all the possible parameters, but their orthogonality properties are unknown for several configurations of the parameters. Indeed, orthogonality for the Askey-Wilson polynomials, p(n)(x; a, b, c, d; q), is known only when the product of any two parameters a, b, c, d is not a negative integer power of q. Also, the orthogonality of the big q-Jacobi, p(n)(x; a, b, c; q), is known when a, b, c, abc(-1) is not a negative integer power of q. In this paper, we obtain orthogonality properties for the Askey-Wilson polynomials and the big q-Jacobi polynomials for the rest of the parameters and for all n is an element of N-0. For a few values of such parameters, the three-term recurrence relation\n (TTRR) xp(n) = p(n+1) + beta(n)p(n) + gamma(n)p(n-1), n >= 0,\n presents some index for which the coefficient gamma(n) = 0, and hence Favard\'s theorem cannot be applied. For this purpose, we state a degenerate version of Favard\'s theorem, which is valid for all sequences of polynomials satisfying a TTRR even when some coefficient gamma(n) vanishes, i.e., {n : gamma(n) = 0} not equal phi.\n We also apply this result to the continuous dual q-Hahn, big q-Laguerre, q-Meixner, and little q-Jacobi polynomials, although it is also applicable to any family of orthogonal polynomials, in particular the classical orthogonal polynomials. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords q-orthogonal polynomials; Favard's theorem; q-Hahn tableau; q-Askey tableau
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