Title Perceived Emotional Intelligence as a predictor of Depressive Symptoms after a one year follow-up during Adolescence
Authors GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, Mendoza, Ramon, Paino, Susana, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means Int. J. Emot. Educ.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84986264887&partnerID=40&md5=5e91e5f2b9437d0bbaf21651009fe0d0
Publication date 01/04/2016
ISI 000407310600004
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-84986264887
Abstract Research to date has identified various risk factors in the emergence of depressive disorders in adolescence. There are very few studies, however, which have analyzed the role of perceived emotional intelligence in depressive symptoms longitudinally during adolescence. This work aimed to analyze longitudinal relationships between perceived emotional intelligence and depressive symptoms in adolescence, developing an explanatory model of depression following a one-year follow-up. A longitudinal study was carried out with two waves separated by one year, with a sample of 714 Spanish adolescents. The instruments consisted of self-report measures of depressive symptoms and perceived emotional intelligence. Results underlined gender differences in depressive symptoms and emotional intelligence, and indicated that greater emotional intelligence was associated with a lower presence of depressive symptoms after a oneyear follow-up. A multiple partial mediation model was developed to explain longitudinally depressive symptoms based on perceived emotional intelligence skills and depressive symptoms. These contributions underscore the need to design programs to prevent depression in adolescence through the promotion of emotional intelligence.
Keywords depression; adolescence; emotional intelligence; emotional regulation; longitudinal
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