Title Related Health Factors of Psychological Distress During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain.
External publication No
Means International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 2
JCR Impact 3.39
SJR Impact 0.747
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85086004062&doi=10.3390%2fijerph17113947&partnerID=40&md5=425e1a9503aa244aec2e4ebcab9b1d97
Publication date 02/06/2020
ISI 000542629600200
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85086004062
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17113947
Abstract Measures to prevent and contain the COVID-19 health crisis include\n population confinement, with the consequent isolation and interruption\n of their usual activities. The aim of the study is to analyse\n psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. For this, a\n cross-sectional observational study with a sample of 4180 people over\n the age of 18 during quarantine was developed. Variables considered were\n sociodemographic variables, physical symptoms, health conditions,\n COVID-19 contact history and psychological adjustment. The data were\n collected through a self-developed questionnaire and the General Health\n Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Bivariate analyses were performed, including\n Chi-Squared test and Student\'s T-test. Predictive ability was calculated\n through logistic regression. Results obtained showed a high level of\n psychological distress (72.0%), with a higher percentage in women and\n people of lower middle age. Statistically significant differences were\n found in the variable working situation (chi = 63.139, p = 0.001, V =\n 0.123) and living with children under the age of 16 (chi = 7.393, p =\n 0.007, V = 0.042). The predictive variables with the highest weight were\n sex (OR = 1.952, 95% IC = (1.667, 2.286)), presence of symptoms (OR =\n 1.130, 95% CI = (1.074, 1.190)), and having had close contact with an\n individual with confirmed COVID-19 (OR = 1.241, 95% CI = (1.026,\n 1.500)). These results could enrich prevention interventions in public\n health and, in particular, in mental health in similar pandemic\n situations.
Keywords COVID-19; health risk; mental health; psychology; public health; risk factor; viral disease; adult; age distribution; Article; coronavirus disease 2019; cross-sectional study; distress syndrome; employment status; female; health status; household; human; major clinical study; male; observational study; pandemic; quarantine; risk assessment; risk factor; sex difference; Spain; symptom; Spain
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