Title Scientific and Spiritual Structure of the Realm of Being in Flannery O'Connor and Graham Greene
External publication No
Means Engl. Stud.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
SJR Quartile 2
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068160469&doi=10.1080%2f0013838X.2019.1610239&partnerID=40&md5=a8148cc962b87e243b5eacbf8df6f741
Publication date 04/07/2019
ISI 000473019300001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85068160469
DOI 10.1080/0013838X.2019.1610239
Abstract Taking as a basis Soren Kierkegaard's theory of the spiritual stages of the human soul, this paper will analyze the concept of secular ethics in Flannery O'Connor and Graham Greene, concretely in two of their writings, the short story "The Lame Shall Enter First" (1962) and the play The Potting Shed (1957). I will first examine the characters of Sheppard and Henry Callifer, who are in a similar situation of existential complacency that spins around a rationalistic and materialistic outlook of good and evil, the rejection of the existence of God and hence, anything related to Christianity. In addition, I will discuss their relationship with their respective sons, Norton and James Callifer, a relationship -using Flannery O'Connor's words- based on a tenderness which in the absence of faith is wrapped in theory. Finally, I will analyze the consequences that their standpoint has over their sons' lives and the violent event in both stories that shakes Sheppard and Henry Callifer out of their complacency, giving them an opportunity of progressing in their spiritual existence.
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