Title Screening for depressive symptoms in adolescents at school: New validity evidences on the short form of the Reynolds Depression Scale
Authors ORTUÑO SIERRA, JAVIER, Aritio-Solana, Rebeca, Inchausti, Felix, Chocarro de Luis, Edurne, Lucas Molina, Beatriz, Perez de Albeniz, Alicia, Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo, ORTUÑO SIERRA, JAVIER
External publication No
Means PLoS ONE
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.76600
SJR Impact 1.16400
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85013498353&doi=10.1371%2fjournal.pone.0170950&partnerID=40&md5=63ab7d7e18cda6ed106c65007ce49b58
Publication date 21/02/2017
ISI 000394676800005
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85013498353
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0170950
Abstract The main purpose of the present study was to assess the depressive symptomatology and to gather new validity evidences of the Reynolds Depression Scale-Short form (RADS-SF) in a representative sample of youths. The sample consisted of 2914 adolescents with a mean age of 15.85 years (SD = 1.68). We calculated the descriptive statistics and internal consistency of the RADS-SF scores. Also, confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) at the item level and successive multigroup CFAs to test measurement invariance, were conducted. Latent mean differences across gender and educational level groups were estimated, and finally, we studied the sources of validity evidences with other external variables. The level of internal consistency of the RADS-SF Total score by means of Ordinal alpha was .89. Results from CFAs showed that the one-dimensional model displayed appropriate goodness of-fit indices with CFI value over .95, and RMSEA value under .08. In addition, the results support the strong measurement invariance of the RADS-SF scores across gender and age. When latent means were compared, statistically significant differences were found by gender and age. Females scored 0.347 over than males in Depression latent variable, whereas older adolescents scored 0.111 higher than the younger group. In addition, the RADS-SF score was associated with the RADS scores. The results suggest that the RADS-SF could be used as an efficient screening test to assess self-reported depressive symptoms in adolescents from the general population.
Keywords adolescent; adult; Article; confirmatory factor analysis; controlled study; depression; descriptive research; female; human; informed consent; internal consistency; male; mass screening; psychological
Universidad Loyola members