Title Sense of coherence, engagement, and work environment as precursors of psychological distress among non-health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain
Authors Ruíz Frutos, Carlos, Ortega Moreno, Mónica, Allande Cussó, Regina, Ayuso Murillo, Diego, Gómez Salgado, Juan, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA, DOMÍNGUEZ SALAS, SARA
External publication No
Means Saf. Sci.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85092477724&doi=10.1016%2fj.ssci.2020.105033&partnerID=40&md5=f930f057faba3789269e81eb7555dd06
Publication date 07/10/2020
ISI 000590202600039
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85092477724
DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105033
Abstract Background: The interrelationship between the sense of coherence, work environment, work engagement, and psychological distress have particular interest in non-health workers who carried out essential activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: To assess the effects of the COVID-19 on the physical and mental health of non-health workers. Design: Observational descriptive cross-sectional study. Data sources: 1089 questionnaires have been analysed. Engagement (UWES-9), sense of coherence (SOC-13), mental health (Goldberg GHQ-12), demographic data, perception of health and stress and work environment were assessed. Results: At low levels of engagement, the percentage of distress is higher (77.9%). Low levels of sense of coherence correspond to the highest percentages of distress (86.3%). The 94.1% believe it necessary for professionals and volunteers involved in COVID-19 to receive psychological support. Low comprehensibility is mediated by the perception of stress; if the perception is low, comprehensibility is modulated by the level of significance; if it is low, it generates 95.9% of distress. Conclusion: The interrelationship between the sense of coherence, work environment, work engagement, and psychological distress have particular interest in non-health workers who carried out essential activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost all respondents believed that professionals and volunteers involved in COVID-19 should receive psychological support. This may be an indicator of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on workers’ mental health. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords Employment; Human engineering; Surveys; Cross-sectional study; Data-sources; Demographic data; Mental health; Psychological distress; Sense of coherences; Work engagements; Work environments; Health;
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