Title Shortened Version of the Token Test: Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population
Authors Olabarrieta-Landa, L., Rivera, D., Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A., Pohlenz Amador, S., Garcia-Guerrero, C. E., Padilla-Lopez, A., Sanchez-SanSegundo, M., Velazquez-Cardoso, J., Diaz Marante, J. P., Caparros-Gonzalez, R. A., Romero-Garcia, I., Valencia Vasquez, J., Garcia de la Cadena, C., Munoz Mancilla, J. M., Rabago Barajas, B. V., Barranco Casimiro, R., GALVAO CARMONA, ALEJANDRO, Martin-Lobo, P., Saracostti Schwartzman, M., Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., GALVAO CARMONA, ALEJANDRO
External publication No
Means NeuroRehabilitation
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.77900
SJR Impact 0.79000
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85032349950&doi=10.3233%2fNRE-172244&partnerID=40&md5=561233a8a271e062be1c2b74fd24fa48
Publication date 01/01/2017
ISI 000413531000008
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85032349950
DOI 10.3233/NRE-172244
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Shortened Version of the Token Test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Shortened Version of the Token Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Shortened Version of the Token Test total scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age(2), sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age in all countries, such that score increased linearly as a function of age. In addition, age(2) had a significant effect in all countries, except Guatemala and Puerto Rico. Models showed that children whose parent(s) had a MLPE >12 years obtained higher score compared to children whose parent(s) had a MLPE <= 12 years in Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Spain. The child's sex did not have an effect in the Shortened Version of the Token Test total score for any of the countries. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate interpretation of the Shortened Version of the Token Test when used in pediatric populations.
Keywords Shortened Version of the Token Test; neuropsychology; Spanish-speaking populations; pediatric population
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