Title Socioeconomic Context as a Moderator in the Relationship between Body Mass Index and Depression in Europe
Authors ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means Appl. Psychol: Health Well-Being
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 2.35100
SJR Impact 1.16100
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85035051954&doi=10.1111%2faphw.12104&partnerID=40&md5=24057c68402c62cfbf66531821ece114
Publication date 01/11/2017
ISI 000416223900008
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85035051954
DOI 10.1111/aphw.12104
Abstract BackgroundObesity and depression are two major health issues in contemporary societies. This study aims to address two fundamental questions: (1) what is the impact of macro-level adverse socioeconomic circumstances on depression? and (2) how do macro-level variations in the socioeconomic context affect the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and depression? MethodsData from the 7th round of the European Social Survey were used, collected from a sample size of 37,623 participants and aggregated around a total of 20 countries. A random intercept multilevel model was constructed to study the variations in the relationship between depression and BMI. The contextual effect of risk of poverty, unemployment rate, and gross domestic product per capita were studied at the country level. ResultsFirst, both unemployment and poverty risk were found to be positively associated with depressive disorders. Second, the results show that a higher risk of poverty at the macro level may increase the effect of BMI on depression in European countries. ConclusionThe present study provides new evidence suggesting that the obesity-depression relationship will be, on average, stronger in countries with poor socioeconomic conditions. Therefore, adverse socioeconomic contextual conditions may increase depression associated with obesity.
Keywords depression; Europe; multilevel analysis; obesity; socioeconomiccontext; socioeconomic status
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