Title Sport participation, body satisfaction and depressive symptoms in adolescence: a moderated-mediation analysis of gender differences
Authors GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO, Mendoza, Ramon, de Matos, Margarida Gaspar, Tomico, Alvaro, GÓMEZ BAYA, DIEGO
External publication No
Means Eur. J. Dev. Psychol.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 2
JCR Impact 2.06300
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85027361798&doi=10.1080%2f17405629.2017.1364988&partnerID=40&md5=5b322a13a386793d19c0115330220b8f
Publication date 04/03/2019
ISI 000456814500005
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85027361798
DOI 10.1080/17405629.2017.1364988
Abstract This research aimed to analyse the partial mediating role of body satisfaction in the relationship between sport participation and depressive symptoms, as well as to examine the moderating role of gender in these associations. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 1810 adolescents aged 13-18 years old who completed self-report measures regarding sport participation, body satisfaction and depressive symptoms. The results indicated that a higher frequency of sport participation was associated with a lower presence of depressive symptoms, both directly and through greater body satisfaction, although gender differences were found in this partial mediation model. It was detected that sport participation had a greater effect on positive body satisfaction among boys, whereas body dissatisfaction indicated a greater presence of depressive symptoms among girls. The results emphasize the need to implement gender-specific programmes to improve psychological adjustment in adolescents by promoting sport practice and body acceptance.
Keywords Sport; depressive symptoms; body satisfaction; gender; adolescence
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