Title Symbol Digit Modalities Test: Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population
Authors Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., Rivera, D., Trapp, S., Jimenez-Perez, C., Hernandez Carrillo, C. L., Pohlenz Amador, S., Vergara-Moragues, E., Rodriguez-Agudelo, Y., Rodriguez-Irizarry, W., Garcia de la Cadena, C., GALVAO CARMONA, ALEJANDRO, Galarza-del-Angel, J., Llerena Espezua, X., Torales Cabrera, N., Flor-Caravia, P., Aguayo Arelis, A., Saracostti Schwartzman, M., Barranco Casimiro, R., Albaladejo-Blazquez, N., GALVAO CARMONA, ALEJANDRO
External publication No
Means NeuroRehabilitation
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.77900
SJR Impact 0.79000
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85032335076&doi=10.3233%2fNRE-172243&partnerID=40&md5=4b68ad67f2a261ffa15144130d5b67f2
Publication date 01/01/2017
ISI 000413531000007
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85032335076
DOI 10.3233/NRE-172243
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the SDMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. SDMT scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age(2), sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age in all countries, such that score increased linearly as a function of age. In addition, age(2) had a significant effect in all countries, except in Honduras and Puerto Rico. Models indicated that children whose parent(s) had a MLPE >12 years of education obtained higher score compared to children whose parent(s) had a MLPE <= 12 years for Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and Spain. Sex affected SDMT score for Paraguay and Spain. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate interpretation of the SDMT with pediatric populations.
Keywords Symbol Digit Modalities Test; neuropsychology; Spanish-speaking populations; pediatric population
Universidad Loyola members