Title Systematic Review of Preventive Programs for Reducing Problem Gambling Behaviors Among Young Adults
Authors Grande-Gosende, Aris, LÓPEZ NUÑEZ, CARLA, Garcia-Fernandez, Gloria, Derevensky, Jeffrey, Fernandez-Hermida, Jose Ramon, LÓPEZ NUÑEZ, CARLA
External publication No
Means J. Gamb. Stud.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
Area International
Publication date 01/03/2020
ISI 000517802300001
DOI 10.1007/s10899-019-09866-9
Abstract Young adulthood is a developmental period from late adolescence to one's late twenties or early thirties. Prevalence studies internationally have reported that individuals in this age group tend to have the highest rates of problem gambling. However, much of the prevention work designed to minimize the risk of problem and disordered gambling has been primarily focused on school settings and aimed at high school students. The objective of this study was to summarize the existing literature on the effectiveness of prevention programs aimed at reducing the prevalence of gambling problems in young adults. A systematic review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six electronic academic databases were consulted in order to examine the studies conducted during the last 20 years. After removing duplicates and adhering to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, nine studies were included in this review. All studies targeted college or university students and followed a selective or indicated prevention strategy. A Personalized Normative Feedback approach was incorporated in most of the studies, which had generally good results in reducing and/or minimizing at-risk or problem gambling. The limited number of studies included in this review highlights the need to address scientific quality standards before proceeding with the design, implementation and widespread dissemination of these preventive programs as well as the need to ensure the program's efficacy prior to implementation.
Keywords Gambling; Prevention; Young adults; Systematic review
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