Title The economic impact of a tourist tax in Andalusia examined through a price effect model
External publication No
Means Appl. Econ. Lett.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 3
SJR Quartile 2
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85139122704&doi=10.1080%2f13504851.2022.2128167&partnerID=40&md5=d63b5f5afced0006db32242e6a6a1199
Publication date 01/01/2024
ISI 000861407700001
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85139122704
DOI 10.1080/13504851.2022.2128167
Abstract The tourism industry is a key sector in the Andalusian economy; it accounts for 13% of the regional GDP and 14% of the employment. In 2019, 32.5 million tourists visited Andalusia, and the tourism sector generated 22.6 billion euros. In 2020, the year in which COVID-19 paralysed the world, 13.4 million tourists visited Andalusia, which translated into 8,500 million euros of income. After this decrease in tourism in 2020, the total number of tourists for the year 2021 was 20 million, and the forecast for the year 2022 is 28 million tourists. This article analyzes how to use a social accounting matrix (SAM) to empirically study the effects of such a price burden on the regional economy of Andalusia. The methodology that we use consists of a specific model of price effects, which analyzes the impact of introducing a tourist tax in Andalusia. The database used in the analysis is the Andalusian SAM, which was built using data from 2016. This study will enable us to better understand and reflect on the existing structural interdependence between the productive sectors and to evaluate the implicit weights and price elasticities of different tourist items.
Keywords Input-output analysis; applied general equilibrium; social accounting matrix; price effects model; tourism
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