Title The Impact of Social Expenditure on Attitudes Towards Immigration in Europe
Authors Jaime-Castillo A.M., Marqués-Perales I., ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER, ÁLVAREZ GÁLVEZ, JAVIER
External publication No
Means Soc. Indic. Res.
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.74300
SJR Impact 1.02000
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84959883170&doi=10.1007%2fs11205-015-0939-0&partnerID=40&md5=fcbb2249995a0ea2437dec8105effd0f
Publication date 01/01/2016
ISI 000373620000009
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-84959883170
DOI 10.1007/s11205-015-0939-0
Abstract There is a growing body of literature dealing with the causes behind anti-immigrant sentiment and xenophobia. Based on the literature on the fiscal burden model, this paper contends that the differences in attitudes toward immigration, between low and high statuses, can be explained by the size of the welfare state. We argue that the impact of socio-economic status on attitudes toward immigration is larger in countries where social expenditure is high. Since a potential increase in the number of welfare recipients due to new immigrants might lead to a reduction in per capita transfers, low-income individuals in these countries are expected to be more concerned about the effect of immigration on social benefits. Using multilevel models and data from the European Social Survey we have found that while the effect of socio-economic status on attitudes toward immigration is positive there is a great deal of variation between countries. The difference in attitudes between high and low socio-economic statuses increases as social expenditure increases. Moreover, increases of social expenditure in the short run increases anti-immigrant sentiment as it raises concerns about the impact of immigration on welfare services. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Keywords attitudinal survey; expenditure; immigration; migration determinant; socioeconomic impact; socioeconomic status; welfare economics; Europe
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