Title Transformations of biomass-derived platform molecules: from high added-value chemicals to fuels via aqueous-phase processing
Authors SERRANO RUIZ, JUAN CARLOS, Luque, Rafael , Sepulveda-Escribano, Antonio
External publication Si
Means Chem. Soc. Rev.
Scope Review
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 1
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 28.76000
SJR Impact 13.29700
Publication date 01/01/2011
ISI 000295921500005
DOI 10.1039/c1cs15131b
Abstract Global warming issues and the medium-term depletion of fossil fuel reserves are stimulating researchers around the world to find alternative sources of energy and organic carbon. Biomass is considered by experts the only sustainable source of energy and organic carbon for our industrial society, and it has the potential to displace petroleum in the production of chemicals and liquid transportation fuels. However, the transition from a petroleum-based economy to one based on biomass requires new strategies since the petrochemical technologies, well-developed over the last century, are not valid to process the biomass-derived compounds. Unlike petroleum feedstocks, biomass derived platform molecules possess a high oxygen content that gives them low volatility, high solubility in water, high reactivity and low thermal stability, properties that favour the processing of these resources by catalytic aqueous-phase technologies at moderate temperatures. This tutorial review is aimed at providing a general overview of processes, technologies and challenges that lie ahead for a range of different aqueous-phase transformations of some of the key biomass-derived platform molecules into liquid fuels for the transportation sector and related high added value chemicals.
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