Title Understanding the implementation of airbnb in urban contexts: Towards a categorization of european cities
Authors SERRANO MENDOZA, LAURA, SIANES CASTAÑO , ANTONIO, ARIZA MONTES, JOSÉ ANTONIO, ARIZA MONTES, JOSÉ ANTONIO, SIANES CASTAÑO , ANTONIO, SERRANO MENDOZA, LAURA
External publication No
Means Land
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 2
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85097887994&doi=10.3390%2fland9120522&partnerID=40&md5=1c134265c0d604acd132432d5e631048
Publication date 01/01/2020
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85097887994
DOI 10.3390/land9120522
Abstract The sharing economy has experienced exponential growth in recent years, especially in the short-term rentals (STRs) tourist accommodation sector. This growth has caused disruptive effects in rural and urban contexts, especially in highly touristic cities. These effects can be both positive and negative, revitalizing certain areas and bringing about tension in the socioeconomic fabric. Today, Airbnb is considered the paradigm of this sharing economy model and the STR industry leader. However, as this study suggests, on many occasions the implementation of Airbnb exhibits more of a traditional economic business model than a collaborative economic business model. Through hierarchical cluster analysis, this study identifies different groups of European cities according to the degree of professionalization of Airbnb implementation in their territory. The goal is to find similar patterns in the Airbnbisation process in major European cities, as the social, economic, and spatial impacts of various typologies are very different and even contrary. By understanding and identifying such different models implemented in each territory, better policies can be informed, and more adapted strategies can be pursued by local governments and the tourism industry. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords Airbnb; Business model; Cluster analysis; Sharing economy; Sustainable tourism; Urban land use patterns
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