Title Verbal fluency tests: Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population
Authors Olabarrieta-Landa, L., Rivera, D., Lara, L., Rute-Perez, S., Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A., Galarza-del-Angel, J., Penalver Guia, A. I., Ferrer-Cascales, R., Velazquez-Cardoso, J., Campos Varillas, A. I., Ramos-Usuga, D., Chino-Vilca, B., Aguilar Uriarte, M. A., Martin-Lobo, P., Garcia de la Cadena, C., POSTIGO ALONSO, BÁRBARA, Romero-Garcia, I., Rabago Barajas, B. V., Irias Escher, M. J., Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., POSTIGO ALONSO, BÁRBARA
External publication No
Means NeuroRehabilitation
Scope Article
Nature Científica
JCR Quartile 2
SJR Quartile 1
JCR Impact 1.77900
SJR Impact 0.79000
Area International
Web https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85032356260&doi=10.3233%2fNRE-172240&partnerID=40&md5=be3c193b5f4d28e2b016311940e33f70
Publication date 01/01/2017
ISI 000413531000010
Scopus Id 2-s2.0-85032356260
DOI 10.3233/NRE-172240
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the phonological and semantic verbal fluency tests (VFT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the VFT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Scores for letters F, A, S, and animals and fruit categories were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age(2), sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age on all scores, such that scores increased linearly as a function of age. Age(2) had a significant effect in Chile (animals), Cuba (A letter, fruits), Ecuador (animals, fruits), Honduras (F letter), Mexico (animals, fruits), Peru (fruits), and Spain (S letters, animals, fruits). Models showed an effect for MLPE in Chile (A letters, animals, fruits), Ecuador (S letter, animals, fruits), Guatelama (F, S letter, animals), Honduras (animals), Mexico (F, A, S letters, animals, fruits), Puerto Rico (A, letters, animals), and Spain (all scores). Sex scores were found significant in Chile (animals), Ecuador (A letter, fruits), Mexico (F letter, fruits), Paraguay (F, A, S letters, fruits), Puerto Rico (F letter, animals, fruits), and Spain (F letter, fruits). CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest multi-national Spanish speaking-pediatric normative study in the world, and as such it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate way to interpret the phonological and semantic VFT in pediatric populations.
Keywords Verbal fluency test; neuropsychology; Spanish-speaking populations; pediatric population
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